虽然一些历史和遗产已经存在了很长一段时间, 妇女历史月是最近才加入国家日历的. In 1978, the Education Task Force of the Sonoma County (California) Commission on the Status of Women (SCCSW) launched “Women’s History Week” to coincide with International Women’s Day (March 8th). 数十所学校热情回应, planning special programs for the week-long observance; an annual “Real Women” essay contest drew hundreds of entries from Sonoma County students.
莫莉·墨菲·麦格雷戈之后，庆祝活动更加热烈, a member of the SCCSW, 参加了萨拉劳伦斯学院的女性历史研究所. 当参与者听到索诺马县的成功, 他们不仅在当地社区发起了类似的庆祝活动, 还承诺支持创建“全国妇女历史周”的努力.”
Two years later, President Jimmy Carter issued the first Presidential Proclamation declaring the Week of March 8th, 1980 as National Women’s History Week, which read in part:
从第一批来到泛亚电竞在线平台海岸的定居者开始, 来自第一批与他们友好相处的美洲印第安家庭, 男人和女人共同努力建设了这个国家. 这些妇女常常默默无闻，有时她们的贡献也被忽视. But the achievements, leadership, courage, strength and love of the women who built America was as vital as that of the men whose names we know so well.
Later that same year, a bipartisan partnership between Representative Barbara Mikulski and Senator Orrin Hatch established a Congressional Resolution for National Women’s History Week in 1981. By 1986, 14 states had declared March as Women’s History Month; using this inertia and state-by-state action, 游说者向国会施压，要求将庆祝活动扩大到整个三月, and in 1987 Congress declared March as National Women’s History Month in perpetuity.
During Women’s History Month 2022, 桑迪泉社区会看到书单, decorations, and displays in the Middle School and Lower School; in addition to decorations and content on Upper School screens, 新命名的OIEJB大使将推出特别惊喜, including a (shhhh!) surprise pop-up reading by Washington D.C. poet Alexa Patrick.
农历新年是许多亚洲国家的重要节日. The holiday is known by many names, such as Spring Festival in China, Tet in Vietnam, Solnal in Korean, and Losare in Tibet. Many Asian Americans in the United States celebrate the Lunar New Year by combining Eastern and Western cultural traditions to show their unique identities. The Lunar New Year highlights the importance people place on family reunion and their hope and expectations for the New Year.
月亮的圆缺标志着农历新年的开始. It “typically begins with the new moon that occurs between the end of January and the end of February, and it lasts about 15 days until the full moon arrives with the Festival of Lanterns” (Lunar New Year, 2022). 这个节日始于中国的第二个王朝, the Shang Dynasty, about 3,500 years ago (Cindy, 2022). 人们在每年的年初和年末都会做出牺牲. 年这个词最早出现在周朝(公元前1046-256年).
虽然很多人可能不知道农历新年的历史, they may still have grown up hearing about the myths and stories of the beast Nian. Once upon a time, the mythical beast Nian went to villages to damage the fields and people’s lives. 人们试图把食物放在门口，以防止年兽伤害他们. A wise, 老人建议用响亮的声音和红色来吓唬年兽, 所以人们制造鞭炮来阻止年兽攻击他们的房子. 在采取了这些步骤之后，年兽停止了对村庄的破坏. Therefore, setting off firecrackers and making a lot of food has become the tradition of the Lunar New Year.
农历新年有许多传统. People would clean their houses to “get rid of bad fortune from the old year” (Roth, 2022) and usually visit and greet their families and friends during the Lunar New Year. In Korea, people would say, “ Please receive a lot of good fortune for the New Year.” and in China, people usually say, “Wishing you a happy and prosperous New Year” (Roth, 2022). 许多亚洲人有强烈的家族和家庭意识. Getting together with family is what many people look forward to during the New Year celebration. 不同的亚洲国家有独特的方式来庆祝农历新年, 但是收发红包是一个共同的传统. People place money into red envelopes and give them to the children and seniors in the house.
Celebrating the Lunar New Year reflects Asian people's expectation of a family reunion and love of food. Hopefully, more people worldwide can celebrate the Lunar New Year together in the future.
Cindy. (n.d.). 中国新年的起源和历史:谁开始和为什么. 中国新年的起源和历史:谁开始和为什么. 2022年1月29日，从http://www检索.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/festivals/chinese-new-year-history.htm #: ~:文本=中国% 20新% 20年% 20 % 20享受,% 20的% 20结束% 20 % 20年.
History.com Editors. (2010, February 4). Lunar New Year 2022. History.com. 2022年1月29日，从http://www检索.history.com/topics/holidays/chinese-new-year
Roth, M. S. (2022, January 27). 来自世界各地的流行农历新年传统. Good Housekeeping. 2022年1月29日，从http://www检索.goodhousekeeping.com/holidays/a38883958/lunar-new-year-traditions/
Black History Month, the third in the 机构公平，正义和归属办公室’s 2021-22 Heritage Month Series, came to be through the efforts of Dr. Carter G. Woodson. In 1915 Dr. 伍德森成立了黑人生活历史研究协会(ASNLH), 1916年，该组织创办了《泛亚电竞平台》, dedicated to publishing “researcher’s findings on the historical achievements of Black individuals” (NY Times, 《泛亚电竞在线平台》(2021年2月). Dr. Woodson had the goal of “...回到那段美丽的历史，激励泛亚电竞在线平台取得更大的成就.1926年2月，他宣布了第一个黑人历史周.
Dr. Woodson chose February because both Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass’s birthdays (February 12 and 14th, 分别)在那个月庆祝. 自1897年以来，玛丽·丘奇·特雷尔，一位华盛顿的D.C. educator and community activist, 在2月14日与她的班级一起庆祝“弗雷德里克·道格拉斯日”, and following Lincoln’s assassination many African Americans began celebrating his birthday. Woodson and his colleagues at the ASNLH saw Negro History Week as a way to expand the celebration of Black Americans’ contributions past those two figures; they developed K-12 curricula, lesson plans, posters, 重要的日期和传记信息.
Citizens in West Virginia–where Dr. Woodson lectured frequently–began celebrating what they called Negro History Month in 1940; by 1950, the year that Dr. 伍德森去世后，全国各地的市长都支持黑人历史周. In 1974, 民权领袖贝亚德·鲁斯丁(贵格会教徒)和多萝西·海特, among others, pressed President Gerald Ford to reaffirm the nation’s commitment to racial justice and moral leadership. In 1976 Ford used the platform of the nation’s bicentennial celebration to issue a statement about the importance of Black History to all Americans, 一年一度的全国庆祝活动开始了.
At Sandy Spring Friends School we will mark the month with a variety of adult and student-generated cross-divisional and interdivisional celebrations. 除了在下面的展示和图书列表, Middle, and Upper Schools, 6-12年级的学生将参加咨询小测验, 整个社区将被视为集会特色 Kurtis Lamkin, a nationally recognized poet, and local historian Joy Turner, founder of the Kinlock Heritage Group, with whom the OIEJB has partnered to help SSFS learn even more about the rich Black history that surrounds our campus.